TRAI releases white paper to identify challenges in rolling out 5G in India

MUMBAI: The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has released a White Paper on ‘Enabling 5G in India’. The purpose of this White Paper is to identify the probable challenges, including regulatory ones, in the deployment of 5G Networks in India and to initiate a discussion with all stakeholders for finding implementable solutions.

Globally, full scale deployment of 5G networks is expected to start by late 2019 or early 2020 for which pilots have already commenced. The India’s 5G High Level Forum envisages 5G to be deployed in India by 2020 along with the rest of the world.

In order to create an enabling environment for timely roll-out of 5G in India, TRAI has come up with a White Paper. This White Paper highlights the specifications of the 5G technology, discusses the potential use cases and architecture of 5G network, deliberates those areas that will require investment for 5G deployment, covers the spectrum requirements for 5G networks, and tries to identify regulatory challenges that need to be addressed for the deployment of 5G in India.

In the preface of the white paper, TRAI chairman RS Sharma said that 5G is the latest technological development in the telecom sector which will provide enhanced connectivity not only to the individual but will also help in digitalising various industrial verticals.

“Globally, full scale deployment of 5G networks is expected to start by late 2019 or early 2020 for which pilots have already commenced. India is also not far behind. The India’s 5G High Level Forum envisages 5G to be deployed in India by 2020 along with the rest of the world,” he stated.

He also stated that TRAI has come up with a White Paper in order to create an enabling environment for timely roll-out of 5G in India.

“This White Paper highlights the specifications of the 5G technology, discusses the potential use cases and architecture of 5G network, deliberates those areas that will require investment for 5G deployment, covers the spectrum requirements for 5G networks, and tries to identify regulatory challenges that need to be addressed for the deployment of 5G in India,” he noted.

As per the white paper, 5G will help to cater the growing demand for high speed internet. Moreover, it will unleash new business opportunities and bring substantial socio-economic benefits through increase in productivity, improvements in optimum use of scarce resources as well as creation of new jobs.

According to 5G HLF, 5G is expected to be launched in India by 2020 and is predicted to create a cumulative economic impact of $1 trillion in India by 2035. As per Ericsson, 5G enabled digitalisation revenue potential in India will be above $27 billion by 2026. GSMAi projects that after initially launching in 2020, 5G connections in India will grow to almost 70 million by 2025, equivalent to around 5% of total connections (excluding cellular IoT).

The white paper also states that timely deployment of 5G in India is very essential for achieving the objectives envisaged in NDCP-2018. 5G will further push the Digital India programme and will help in making governments’ digital services available to all. 5G capabilities will also be needed to support Smart cities project.

The white paper comprises of eight chapters. Chapter-II highlights the specifications of the 5G technology. Chapter–III discusses the architecture of 5G network. Chapter-IV covers the spectrum requirements for 5G networks. Chapter-V deals with the small cell deployment. Chapter-VI gives the insights of the backhaul requirements in 5G. Chapter-VII touches upon the regulatory issues & challenges and Chapter- VIII deliberates those areas that will require investment for 5G deployment.